Maia Bassa, St. Vigilius


Maia Bassa


The organ at Maia Bassa (distr. Merano) was begun by Eugenio Casparini in 1694 and completed by his son Adam Horatio in 1697 (KÖNNER 1992). The examination of the organ took some trouble, as a competing-organ builder (Joh. Georg Miller) was invited to examine the new instrument (see GOLARITS & REICHLING 1982: 12). SENN 1959 dedicates a separate paper to this specific organ.

The stop-list cited in WILLIAMS (1966: 217) seems incomplete (citation without pedal stops), as the sources (cited in KÖNNER 1992: 184 - 185) name 19 instead of 17 stops and include some different stops. But GOLARITS & REICHLING 1982 warn explicitly that the stop-list of this organ was insure from the start, caused by Casparini himself. Therefore, I cite them both here.
The stop list itself is a typical mix of German and Italian influences.


The stop-list according to WILLIAMS 1966 (page 217):

Principale 8
Gedackt 8
Fiffaro 8
Coppel 8
Ottava 4
Offenflöte 4
Nachthorn 4
Spitzflöte 2 2/3
Gemsflöte 2 2/3
Superottava 2
Waldflöte 2
Decimanona 1 1/3
Vigesimaseconda 1
Vigesimasesta 2/3
Cymbal II
Mixtur II
Cornetti III


The stop-list according to KÖNNER 1992 (page 184):

Haubt Principall 8
andere Principall: ganz Liblich 8
Ottava 4
Superottava 2
Decima Nona 2 1/2
Vig-ma:2-da 1
Vig-ma:6ta 2/3
Vig-ma:Nona 1/2
Cymball o Trig-ma:2da II
Cornetti III
Waldfloet 2
Floet offen 4
Spitzfloet 3
Fiffaro Invention Nuovo 8
Coppel auff von Holz 8
Nachthorn Ottava gedackt 4
Gedackter Subbas 16
Ottaven Bass 8
Posaunen Bass 12 (!)
Rusignol oder Vogelgesang
Tamburo oder Heerpaucken


A remarkable lookalike of the Maia Bassa organ-case is found in Austria: in Breitenbach am Inn (see below). This organ was originally built by Johann Caspar Humpel. This organbuilder clearly stood under Italian influence.
Many details about him and his father are found at the site of Alfred und Matthias Reichling about organs in Tirol (Austria) and Südtirol (Italy): Orgellandschaft Tirol, where this picture is from. That site has several detail pictures of this organ, among which a photograph of the side-parts with the Fiffaro.

lookalike: Breitenbach am Inn