In 2006, it was 300 years ago that Eugenio Casparini died in Wiese (near Greiffenberg, Schlesien).
A special Casparini-Ehrung took place in Görlitz Sept. 8-10 2006.
On this web-page, information and photographs of a few instruments built by Eugenio Casparini (1623-1706) is provided. Several more or less detailed discussions on Eugenio Casparini can be found in: FLADE 1926 and FLADE 1953, BURGEMEISTER 1973 and VAN DIJK 1988.
List of organs of Eugenio Casparini, mainly based on FLADE (1926 and 1953) and BURGEMEISTER (1973):
|Triest||Dom St. Giusto||1656-1659||New|
|Venezia||St. Giorgio Maggiore||1660||Repair|
|Padua||San Antonio||1661-1683||Repair of all 4 organs|
|Padua||St. Paolo||?||from FLADE 1926|
|Wien||Kaiserhof||1672-1674||Repairs, new paper-organ|
|Padua||St. Giustina||1679-1681||New Epistelorgan|
|Padua||St. Giustina||1681-1683||New Evangelienorgan|
|Trente||Sa. Maria Maggiore||1686||Rebuilding|
|Bressanone||Dom, Choir organ||1690||New|
|Novacella||1693-1694||New Choir organ|
|St. Marienstern||Klosterkirche||1705||New choir organ|
Another Casparini organ is mentioned for Teterow (Mecklenburg) in HAACKE & JAEHN 1985: 243-244. According to the former organist Stein, pipes from a Casparini organ were incorporated in the then existing organ-case in 1691. However, in 1691 Casparini was still working in Italy. Are the pipes from an older Casparini instrument (maybe also from another town) that he built before leaving for Italy? After all, it is known that he worked or learned in Regensburg (ca. 1740) and afterwards in Gorizia (Italy). Therefore it is possible, albeith unlikely, that Eugenio Casparini repaired or helped repairing an organ in or near Teterow in his early years before leaving Germany.
Alternatively, it could be an instrument built by Georg Adam (I) Casparini (1631-1682), Eugenio's younger brother which is known to have been active in Lissa in 1671 but holding a very bad reputation (HAACKE 1966: 967-968; GOLOS 1992:33). Also, Georg Adam (II) Casparini (1662-1736) could be the builder.
The present Teterow instrument is a result of 1788-1789 when Paul Schmidt built a new organ. His assessment of the old organ is very negative (cited in HAACKE & JAEHN 1985: 244) and consequently it is not to be expected that he re-used any pipes for his instrument.
Biographical information about this Eugenio Casparini is scattered. The two apparently most informative references are to BÜCHNER 1980 and LUNELLI 1960, but these were not available to me.
Eugenio Casparini apparently was an innovator: new methods of voicing techniques, new types of wind-chests and new stops are frequently named as his achievements. In Italy, his influence seems to have been most notable in the Venezian organ-builder scene. His German organs at all probability influenced the Silbermanns, the South-German organ builders (Gabler), the whole of the following Silesian organ building history (Engler) and of course his own family. So it is that from Weingarten in Western-South Germany (Gabler) to Vilnius (A.G. Casparini) stop names are found which were without doubt introduced for regular use by Johann Eugen Caspar, who renamed himself to Eugenio Casparini.
The career of Eugenio Casparini spans several states ands countries. Therefore, it is still possible that somewhere a small organ by his hand may have survived somewhere in Italy. He must have built several small instruments in and around Venezia. A contribution to this theme was made by RADOLE 1986.
A contribution to the activities of Casparini in Südtirol was made by KLIX 1999.
Regrettably, none of the organs built by Eugenio Casparini survived to the present day (or maybe in Italy?). Only some pipes in the Görlitzer Sonnenorgel can be studied, among which the "Onda maris" and some of the original pipes of the Sonnen-Mixtur.
Do you have any other pictures or information about Casparini-organs? Please send me E - mail:
about Casparini-organs to: Dr Rob Kruijt, The Netherlands.